Development of an Affordable Indoor and Outdoor mosquito Repellent Clothing technology.

Problem Statement:

In developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long lasting insecticides treated nets (LLINs) are thought to be the most appropriate methods of control. However, mosquito populations may be less susceptible to these control methods in some regions because of insecticide resistance. Additionally, alterations in behavioural patterns cause some mosquitoes to feed earlier and more frequently outdoors than previously observed. This increases the contact between mosquitoes and human beings, rendering LLINs and IRS less effective (Moore SJ et al., 2007).

Repellents play an important role in disrupting the interaction between mosquitoes and humans by reducing bites. (Katritzky AR et al., 2008) There is recent evidence demonstrating that putting repellents in clothing can prevent the bites of Anopheline mosquitoes and significantly reduce malaria and dengue incidence. However, most repellents are currently expensive, difficult to distribute and difficult to incorporate into local traditions and practices. Rural and indigenous populations are not likely to purchase commercial repellent formulations and are more likely to rely on cheaper alternatives which are less effective (Katritzky AR et al., 2008). Although many repellents are available, there is a need to discover a new generation of clothing technology that overcome the limitations of the repellents described above (Katritzky AR et al., 2008).

Mosquito-repellent clothing technology in developing countries could play an important role in reducing malaria and other vector-borne diseases, including Dengue, Zika, and West Nile Virus which are all vectored by different mosquito species. A repellent clothing technology that is safe, cheap, and has none or little odour is desirable and this will ultimately be one which contains the lowest possible amount of active ingredients.

Objectives: 
General objective: 
To test for environmentally friendly Mosquito repellent clothing technology as well as binding agents. 

Specific objectives: 
1. To develop effective safe based mosquito repellent outfit material. 
2. To conduct bioassay tests in laboratory to assess the efficacy of the developed outfit. 
3. To ensure the supply and accessibility of our mosquito repellent outfit technology at affordable price among the community.     

METHODOLOGY

Study design: Laboratory Testing.

Expected outcomes: 
1. Validation of an affordable new mosquito repellent clothing technology.
2. Protecting human from both outdoor and indoor mosquito bites. 
3. Job creation resulting from mass production of cloth technology. 

Expected outputs: 
1. Policy brief for informing policy makers and the population. 
2. Patent of the Outfit technology. 

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